Planting Guide - Caladium Bulbs
Caladiums in shade tend to have bigger leaves and want to be taller to catch the light as opposed to caladiums in direct sunlight. Colors can also vary according to sunlight and fertilizing.
Preparing for Next Season
Trim the yellow growth from the foliage when the growing season has passed (temperatures remaining below 60F). Where winter is a concern, dig up the caladium bulbs before the frost sets in. Lay them out in a cool, dry area and, when the caladium bulbs are dry, remove the dead leaves and store them in net bags until spring. Make sure that the temperatures in the area where the bulbs are stored do not drop below 60 degrees.
Planting Caladiums in Your Garden
You can add drama to any landscape with the addition of caladiums. Their brightly-colored leaves in shades of red, pink, white and green are perfect in a grouping or as an accent for other plants. Also included in this family are the large and impressive Elephant Ears. In addition to the brightly colored caladiums, we are proud to offer Classic, Upright and Black Magic Elephant Ears!
When & How to Plant Caladium Bulbs
If you wish to give your Caladium bulbs a head start, you may plant them indoors 6 weeks before the last frost date. If you start outdoors, make sure the soil is warm before planting your Caladiums bulbs Ėthe night temperature must reach the high 60ís or warmer on a consistent basis.
Finding the right location for your outdoor caladium is important and well-draining soil is a must. Partial sunlight is best for the outdoor caladium. Where most plants donít tolerate shade very well, many caladiums love shady areas! Lighter colored leaves on White Wing, Florida Moonlight, and our White Mix will put on an outstanding show all season long in shady areas.
Caladiums also like rich soil; if the soil is poor, add generous amounts of compost and manure. Last, plant the caladium where it will not be affected by strong wind. Too much wind can damage the plant's large leaves.
Plant the caladium bulbs (or tuber) in holes that are 3-4 inches deep, allowing 1 Ĺ - 2 inches of soil to cover them. Caladium bulbs have a rather smooth bottom side and a knobby (these are actually the eyes or growing points) top side. Gently put the Caladium bulb in the ground, with the eyes (knobby side) pointing up. Add a little bone meal to the soil and plant other bulbs about 4-12 inches apart depending on the size of the bulb.
Water them generously to encourage the caladium to take root. Caladiums should be kept moist during germination, without allowing the soil to become soggy. Cool nights and excessive moisture can cause a bulb to rot. Once the caladiums break ground it is easy to tell when to water as they will droop very easily if thirsty. You will need to adjust your watering schedule based on your climate and the amount of sun the plant receives.
Caladiums grow well with little care or attention. Fertilize outdoors once a month with a general purpose fertilizer. Indoors, use a liquid fertilizer every couple of weeks. During the growing period, remove any dead or damaged leaves.