How to Grow Raspberries from Bare-roots
Planting: Make a 2’ deep trench, and spread roots along the bottom of the trench and cover immediately. To prevent the fine root system from drying during planting, soak the plants for up to 2 hours before planting, and keep the plants in water as you plant. Planting Year: New growth on raspberries may not appear for 4-6 weeks. The cane portion of the plant may never leaf out. Check for root development by gently digging 2”-3” out from the cane of the plant. Irrigation: Water the plants thoroughly after planting. Maintain good soil moisture until the plants are well established. Do not water every day, rather provide 1”-2” of water 1-3 times per week. Fertilization: For best results, add 10-10-10 fertilizer at least 2 weeks before planting. Do not fertilize new plantings until well established. Additional applications can be applied again in July or August, and in the spring of following years. Weed Control/Mulch: Weed regularly during the growing season. Be careful not to dig more than an inch deep to avoid damaging the roots. Mulching during the establishment year can help control weeds, but do not mulch beyond the first year. Trellis and Training: We suggest raspberry plants be supported by a trellis. A trellis keeps plants upright and fruit off the ground, makes picking much easier, and maintains good aeration which helps with disease control. Pruning: Summer-bearing raspberries bear one crop of berries on their over-wintered canes. Prune canes that bore fruit after harvest, and thin new growth to 6-8 strong, healthy canes. Fall-bearing raspberries can produce two crops if pruned as a summer bearer. However, most ever-bearers will produce the best crop if canes are cut as close to the ground. Raspberries respond well to “tipping”, where the 1-year old canes are pinched back at a height of 5’-6’ in July or August. This encourages lateral branches to fruit and keeps plant height in check. Laterals can be trimmed in the late Fall to 10”-15”. Tip 1st year canes when they reach 5’ high in midsummer, and after harvest remove canes that fruited. Thin the remaining canes to 6-8. Laterals should be cut back to 12” in late November.